Let’s continue on with methods of creating fire without matches or a lighter.
- Plough (or Plow) method – This method requires two pieces of wood. The first piece of wood has a long, shallow groove cut into it running the length of the piece of wood. The second piece of wood (or stick) has a somewhat sharpened point on one end of the stick (but not a sharpened pencil type of point – it’s more rounded). The principle behind the Plough method of fire starting is that the long piece of wood with the groove cut into it is placed down on the ground in a firmly supported and secured position. The second piece of wood (the stick) has its pointed end inserted into the groove of the first stick. Now all that needs to happen is forcing the second (pointy-end) stick back and forth inside the groove in a constant and fast movement. The two pieces of wood (if relatively dry) should generate enough friction to create a small ember that can be tipped into some tinder to start the fire. Sounds easy; but, it is a lot of hard work to get a fire going this way – so don’t give up too early – keep trying until you have fire.
|Plough or Plow Method|
- Drill method – There are several variations to this method, some of which use two people versus the solo method. I will mention some of the variations by name; but, will only talk about the process in general since they all share the process in common. There are the “Bow Drill” (with 1 or 2 people), “One Person Friction Drill”, “Two Person Friction Drill” and the “Fly Wheel Friction Drill”. Probably the two most well known (heard of) friction drill fire starting methods are the “Bow Drill” and the “One Person Friction Drill”. Some diagrams included. The process involves 2 pieces (or 3 pieces if Bow Drill method) of wood that are used to create enough friction to generate a small burning ember. One piece of wood has a shallow depression (bowl shape) in it. The second piece of wood (stick) has a slightly sharpened, yet rounded end to it. The stick (sharpened end) is placed into the shallow depression (bowl) of the second piece of wood and held in a vertical position. While the two pieces of wood are together the “Stick” is spun around in a fast and firm manner inside the bowl of the other piece of wood. Eventually, this method will generate an ember from the heat created between the two pieces of wood. The ember is then put into some tinder to start the fire. In the movies this method always seems to make a fire very quickly; however, that’s a movie and in reality this method is also a lot of work – don’t stop until you have created fire.
|Bow Drill Method|
|One Person Friction Fire Drill Method|
|Two Person Friction Fire Drill Method|
|Fire Steel and Tinder|
|Magnesium Fire starter Bar|
|Solar Fire Starting Method with Lens|
|Solar Fire Starting Method using a Flashlight Reflector|
|Steel Wool and a 9volt Battery can be used to start a fire.|
|Dakota Fire Hole|
|Fire Pit with Rocks|
Survival is a combination of preparedness plus a survival mindset. If you have the WILL to survive, the skills/knowledge to survive, as well as, some planning and preparation ▬ then you will ultimately survive. Don't wait until it is too late or your chances for survival will diminish accordingly. As always, good luck and know I am on your side. ~~ The Survival Guy